Sale of recently rediscovered painting of Clive of India and Mir Jafar after the Battle of Plassey
We are pleased to announce the recent sale of an important historical painting by Francis Hayman (1708-1776) to a UK trust. The painting was rediscovered in the USA and relates to the larger version of the subject showing the victorious General Robert Clive (1725-1774) and Mir Jafar, the Nawab of Bengal (c.1691(?)–1765) after the Battle of Plassey on 23rd June 1757. Clive was extraordinarily successful in India and, on his return to England in 1760 with an enormous personal fortune, received huge critical acclaim. A version of the subject in the National Portrait Gallery, London, is regarded as an iconic depiction of the beginning of the British Empire in India.
Both paintings are probably preliminary oil sketches by Hayman for the huge canvas (12 x 15 feet) which formed part of the series of four gigantic pictures illustrating glorious victories from the Seven Years War (1756-63) which were installed in the annex to the Rotunda at the fashionable Vauxhall Gardens by the proprietor Jonathan Tyers (1702-67). Although much acclaimed at the time of their unveiling in the early 1760s, all four large pictures had disappeared from the Gardens by 1840 (they were almost certainly removed and probably destroyed by that date or soon after) but a lengthy description of the original large pictures was published in a contemporary guidebook to the gardens and in the London press which enabled the identification of the subject by Dr Brian Allen.
In 1756 the Nawab of Oudh, Siraj-ud-Daula, (1733-1757) captured the East India Company’s settlement at Calcutta and imprisoned British captives in the infamous Black Hole. Robert Clive, in command of the Company’s army, recaptured Calcutta in January 1757 and then took the French fort at nearby Chandernagore in March. Clive then deposed Siraj, with the help of Mir Jafar at the Battle of Plassey.
Mir Jafar’s rule is usually considered to be the start of British imperialism in India. He had effectively betrayed his predecessor Siraj ud-Dulah (1733-1757) who was killed soon after the battle, in order to become the next Nawab of Bengal. He gave a fortune of around £3 million to the East India Company, but in 1760 Mir Jafar was forced to abdicate in favour of his son-in-law Mir Qasim (d.1777). In 1763 Mir Jafar was restored with the full support of the Company for the remaining two years of his life. In 1764 Clive assumed supreme military and civil power in Bengal and forced the Mughal Emperor Sah ‘Alam to allow him to collect revenue (diwan) on his behalf.
A letter in the National Library of Wales (Robert Clive Papers H1/1-4) reveals that Clive visited Hayman’s studio on 26 April 1763 when Henry Clive paid 5s to ‘Mr Hamans the painter’. This is recorded in an account book in the handwriting of Henry Clive (1709-1775), who was a first cousin of Clive of India’s father. When Robert Clive came back from India for the second time in 1760, with his young cousin George in attendance, cousin Henry, who was an attorney, seems to have become a kind of steward, travelling with the party and keeping this account book (Dr Charlotte Mitchell kindly shared this information by email in October 2018). This shows that Clive almost certainly commissioned a painting from Hayman and it seems highly likely that he saw the Vauxhall Gardens work and decided that he wanted one for himself.
Despite never setting foot in India Hayman was among the first British artists to exploit Indian subject matter, a genre that was to become increasingly popular towards the end of the century in the hands of artists who did travel to the sub-Continent such as Zoffany and Tilly Kettle.
One of our Edward Lear watercolours featured in Apollo international art magazine
One of our Edward Lear watercolours featured in an article, Moving Lines, by Dr Jasmine Jagger in Apollo International Art Magzine, December 2018. Her account of Lear’s relationship with Tennyson’s poetry and his lifelong ‘Poetical Topographical’ project to illustrate 300 of Alfred, Lord Tennyson’s poetic lines makes fascinating reading. In the writer’s opinion our watercolour by Lear is perhaps the finest example of Lear’s poetry painting.
Click here for a link to the article.One seem’d all dark and red – a tract of sand,
And someone pacing there along,
Who paced for ever in a glimmering land,
Lit with a low large moon.
Alfred, Lord Tennyson, ‘The Palace of Art’ Edward Lear, R.A. (1812-1888)
11.4 x 20.9 cm
Please click the image above to see an article in this month’s Apollo by Dr. Jasmine Jagger on Lear and Tennyson, discussing the significance of this work.
Karen Taylor Fine Art is delighted to announce the sale on behalf of a client of a recently rediscovered portrait by Sir Joshua Reynolds to a charitable trust. The portrait of Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster (1714-1778) was discovered in a house sale at Plas Gwyn in Anglesey where it was very dirty (but in marvellous original condition under the mire) and mis-catalogued. Its misattribution had occurred by the 1950s when it was included in John Steegman’s book of paintings in Welsh houses as the work of a follower of Reynolds. This picture was also recorded as ‘untraced’ in David Mannings catalogue of Reynolds’ paintings. It was engraved by Richard Josey in 1866.
Plas Gwyn, Pentraeth, Angelsey was the house of Thomas Panton, the sitter’s father-in-law to whom he probably gave the portrait, and the painting remained there until its recent sale.
Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster succeeded his father in 1742. Reynolds painted him gazing slightly wistfully into the distance wearing an elegant red coat and sumptuous green waistcoat embroidered with gold thread, standing under a tree, with the sky beyond. He married first, in 1735, Elizabeth, nee Blundell, widow of Sir Charles Gunter Nicoll who came with a dowry of £70,000. His second marriage, in November 1750, was to Mary Panton, (?1735-1793), illegitimate daughter of Thomas Panton (1700-1782).
The Duke was a Privy Councillor and Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire from 1742 to his death in 1778. In 1745 he raised and led a regiment against the Jacobites and rose to Major General in January 1755; Lieutenant General in February 1759 and General in May 1772. He was Lord of the Bedchamber from 1755-65; Lord Great Chamberlain at the coronation of King George III in 1761 until his death and Master of the King’s Horse from 1776-78. The Prime Minister Lord North called him ‘a very egregious blockhead, who is besides both mulish and intractable’. He was also president of the charitable Lock Hospital, London’s first venereal disease clinic.
Although apparently paid for by the Duke himself the portrait may have been given to his father-in-law, Thomas Panton through whose family it has passed by descent. Panton began as a humble groom in the stables of King George I at Hampton Court Palace and later rose to become Master of the Thurlow Hunt. He was also the trainer of the Duke of Devonshire’s horses and Keeper of the King’s Running Horses at Newmarket after 1750.
It should be noted that at the same time as the Duke was sitting to Reynolds (1757-8) the artist was also painting portraits of both of Mary Panton’s parents, Thomas and Priscilla.
Careful restoration has revealed a portrait of exceptional quality in excellent condition and with great richness of colour. Many of Reynolds’ paintings are not in very good condition, often due to the experimental nature of his work and his use of bitumen.
Summer exhibition July 2018
Karen Taylor Fine Art was delighted to return to the Illustration Cupboard for our Summer Exhibition. The show started successfully with a well-attended private view which had quite a buzz and went from strength to strength through the week. It was extremely pleasing to see so many people looking seriously at English drawings and watercolours and we enjoyed catching up with old customers and getting to know new ones.
The highlight of the show was a fresh group of watercolours by Louis Francia and John Sell Cotman from a French collection which had not been seen in public since they were painted in the 1830s. The drawings came from a friendship album compiled by Baron Francois Akerman (1809-1890), régent of the Banque de France, and his wife Louise Bouquet de Saint Simon after their marriage in 1836 and until recently kept (out of the light in a thick leather binding) at their family home, the château de Coulonges in the Loire.
A stunning Francia watercolour of Dunkirk showed the town before WWII took its toll, with loggers floating their timber into the busy port, negotiating the moored shipping. Francia is a pivotal figure in early 19th century Anglo-French art, he sketched with Girtin, exhibited at the Royal Academy and was Richard Parkes Bonington’s teacher. Flashes of his influence on Bonington are evident in this work with characteristic deft touches of red and green for example. Having come to Britain during the French revolution Francia returned home to Calais in 1817 after the fall of Napoleon. Artists from England would visit him when they arrived in France as many did, keen to travel after Europe opened up again after the Napoleonic Wars. Hung together with another Francia marine watercolour, a delicate Cotman of Cologne and two works by Thomas Shotter Boys of Paris and Brussels, the group made quite an impact.
Taylor made British picture show
Works by Louis Francia from our Illustrationcupboard Gallery summer show are highlighted in the Antiques Trade Gazette 16 June 2018.
John Sell Cotman’s watercolour ‘Boats off Cologne’
A nice mention in ‘The Daily Telegraph’s art market focus by Colin Gleadell on 29th May.
BADA Fair, Duke of York Square, London March 2018
We were delighted at the success of our first appearance at the BADA fair in Chelsea.
Karen organised Spink’s stands at the fair in the 1990s, and has always liked it as an elegant fair of a manageable size which is a pleasure to visit. It was good to be able to show some of our oil paintings and in pride of place was a magnificent work by William James Müller, compared by Hugh Honour, the great art historian of Romanticism, to the work of Rubens in his Images of the Black in Western Art. It was very well received and snapped up at the beginning of the fair. Sold by Spink in the 1970s to a private collector, Karen borrowed it from him for an Orientalist exhibition she organised at Spink in the 1990s, so it was pleasing to be able to find it a new home.
Works on Paper Fair, Royal Geographical Society, London February 2018
We enjoyed exhibiting at the Works on Paper fair at the Royal Geographical Society again this year. It seemed to be the year of Edward Lear, with a talk by Jenny Uglow whose marvellous new biography Mr Lear a Life of Art and Nonsense we thoroughly recommend, as it full of interesting information and beautifully written. There was a lot of interest in our two Edward Lear drawings of Italy at the fair which have both gone to new homes.
We were delighted with the quantity of visitors, from private collectors to museum curators and former colleagues and had a busy time chatting with old friends and making new acquaintances.
We showed work by Luke Elwes from his beautiful Waterline Series which was well received.
Humphry Repton drawings of Woodchester Park, Gloucestershire, sold to the National Trust
We are delighted to have sold two Repton drawings which we discovered in a sketchbook to the National Trust. The Trust is currently restoring the gardens at Woodchester and these drawings both prove that Repton worked at Woodchester and add significantly to what is known about the history of the garden which is barely documented.
A letter from Repton to his son William dated 1809 mentions that he carried out work there for Thomas, 1st Earl of Ducie, which these recently rediscovered, signed, drawings corroborate. The terraced gardens at Woodchester Park were created some time during the early nineteenth century and were associated with a Georgian mansion set within the grounds of Woodchester Park, which was later replaced by Woodchester Mansion.
Very little is known about the garden; documents dating from 1843 record terrace walks, a temple overlooking the view of the gardens below and ornamental fountains. Archaeological surveys of the area have also revealed the existence of gravel paths hidden underneath a build-up of soil, as well as a pond.
Lady Catherine Reynolds-Moreton (d. 1892) was the fifth and youngest daughter of the Lord Ducie of Woodchester Park. In 1841 she married John Raymond Barker of Fairford Park, Gloucestershire, as his second wife. He had two daughters from his first marriage to Harriet Bosanquet (1798-1830), Augustua, b. 1827 and Leonora, b. 1829. The book, assembled by Augusta Raymond Barker, also contains drawings by the other sisters of Lady Catherine, Lady Emily Dundas, Lady Mary Denbigh, Lady Charlotte Berkeley and other interesting women with a Gloucestershire connection, including Lady Jane Ellice (née Pleydell-Bouverie) bridesmaid to Queen Victoria and a campaigner for the temperance movement. The book also contained several interiors of the now demolished Fairford Park, showing rooms to which Sir John Soane made additions in 1789-90, and many other drawings of Gloucestershire and Gloucestershire houses.
The drawings are accompanied by two soft-ground etchings of Woodchester by Amelia Long, Lady Farnborough .
Two each signed verso; H. Repton Fecit and H. Repton Fec t, each inscribed on original mount by another hand (possibly that of Augusta Raymond-Barker): H. Repton, one further inscribed: Plans for altering Woodchester
Grey wash on card, with a grey wash line border
Each 6.5 x 9 cm
From an album belonging to Augusta Raymond-Barker of Fairford Park, Gloucestershire, by family descent until 2016
Slow Art Workshop – Sunday 3rd July 2017
Huon Mallalieu, art market correspondent of Country Life and the author of the Dictionary of British Watercolour Artists and Karen Taylor hosted a Slow Art Workshop at Illustrationcupboard Gallery, 22 Bury Street. Huon started with a mussel shell (for grinding colours and mixing paints) from his charming 19th century paint box and gave a masterly summary of the history of English watercolours. Karen then spoke about talented amateur artists with reference to the Fairford Park scrap book and an in-depth discussion about copying revealed an area which needs navigating with care.
A fruitful examination of some badly damaged watercolours and deliberate fakes and forgeries followed. A lively discussion of the pitfalls which can beset collectors was had, and the session was finished off with a delicious glass of bucks fizz.
Karen Taylor and Huon Mallalieu