Major-General Henry Hope Crealock, CB, CMG (1831-1891)

Sebastabol: The Evening Star that rises over Sevastapol at sunset

Major-General Henry Hope Crealock, CB, CMG


Signed and dated l.r.: HHopeCrealock/…18../September.6th/1855/The Evening Star that rises over/Sevastapol at sunset!!/visible from the Eagle’s nest with the naked eye of a clear evening/from my/ journal of/ the campaign/ in the Crimea, pen and brown ink, inscribed verso’ damp the back of it/will come straight

27 x 41.5 cm; 10 5/8 x 16 3/8 inches



The second son of William Belton Crealock of Langerton in Devon, the artist started at Rugby in February 1844 and obtained a commission in the 90th Light Infantry on 13 October 1848. He was promoted to lieutenant on 24 December 1852 and captain on 29 December 1854.

He landed at Balaklava on 4 December 1854 and served at the siege of Sebastapol. He was mentioned in despatches for gallantry during the attacks on Redan on 18 June and 8 September the following year and was appointed deputy adjutant quartermaster-general at headquarters on 17 September and at Constantinople in December.

On 26 December 1856 he was promoted to the rank of major and in March 1857 he was appointed deputy adjutant quartermaster-general to the Chinese expeditionary force during the Second Opium War; he was present during the operations in Canton later that year and in January 1858. On 20 July 1858 he was promoted to the regimental rank of lieutenant-colonel.

He served in India in the campaigns of Rohilkhand, Biswara and Trans Gogra in 1857, and from 1858-9 on the staff of Sir William Rose Mansfield.

In March 1860 he was appointed military secretary to Lord Elgin during his Chinese embassy. He was attached to the headquarters of the army during the war that followed and was present at the action of Sinho, the capture of the forts at  Tangu and Taku and the capture of Peking and received a medal with two clasps. On 6 July 1864 he received his colonelcy, and on 2 January 1870 was gazetted major-general.

During the  Austro-Prussian War  he was military attaché at  Vienna and from 1874 to 1877 he served as quartermaster-general in Ireland. In the  Anglo-Zulu War  he commanded the first division, and for his services was created C.M.G. In 1869 he was created a Companion of the  Order of the Bath and made a Companion of the  Order of St Michael and St George  in 1879.

Crealock retired from the army on 4 September 1884 with the rank of lieutenant-general.

Crealock was an accomplished  artist who made sketches of scenes in the Crimean War, the  Indian mutiny  and the China campaign which are valuable records. He sent many sketches of the Zulu campaign to 'The  Illustrated London News' . He illustrated'  Wolf-Hunting, or Wild Sport in Lower Brittany'  (1875), and  George Whyte-Melville's ' Katerfelto' (1875). In 1885 he republished a series of papers which had appeared between 1870 and 1879 on 'The Eastern Question' (London), written from a point of view hostile to Russia. At the time of his death, Crealock was engaged on illustrating his work ' Deer-Stalking in the Highlands of Scotland', which appeared in 1892 under the editorship of his brother, Major-General  John North Crealock  (1837–1895).